Famous Art Movements Throughout History

Art movements are defined as the cumulative titles given to a collection of artwork, with similar artistic styles, ideas and technical approach towards their work. Though there can be divergent singular thought processes, the overall conceptualisation remains the same. There is no hard and fast rule that defines an Art Movement. Artists from one art movement can have a variety of principles they adhere to and can personally be as different as different art movements are. 

Art movements are coined for historical relevance and convenience. By grouping artists from a similar time period, their artistic context and technical excellence can be studied. All throughout history, artists have resorted to using all sorts of media and styles to showcase their ideologies and philosophies and labelling them can be reductive in a sense. 

There has been a lot of push and pull for these movements to get underway. You can enjoy art as a form of de-stressing and calming yourself. You can also achieve a similar effect with delta 8. Go check Budpop for delta-8 flowers

If studying and speaking art seems like a discipline in itself to you, here we provide you with art movements from the Renaissance to Impressionism. 

Renaissance 

The French word renaissance, literally “rebirth,” suggests that the Renaissance marked a sharp break with mediaeval values. In the late mediaeval period, interest in nature, humanistic learning, and individualism became dominant in 15th- and 16th-century Italy, paralleling social and economic changes. This included the secularisation of daily life as well as the emergence of a rational money-credit economy and greatly increased social mobility.

Succeeding the dark ages of scientific and art regression, Renaissance brought along the revival of a long lost artform, which many speculate never existed in person, but was the result of a deep rooted conscience. 

Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo and Jan Van Eyck are some of the most rejoiced artists from this period. 

Baroque

The period from 1585 to somewhere around the mid 1700s in European History, is termed as the Baroque era. The word Baroque has Spanish / Portuguese descent, which is loosely defined as large, irregularly shaped pearl and barrueco. 

When at its peak during 1630-1680, Baroque is heavily associated with the catholic church reformation. It was a dynamic movement with direct appeal to reinvigorate the spirit of the Catholic church, by depicting mythical subjects, portraits and still life. Caravaggio, Peter Paul Rubens and Rembrandt are famous artists during the period.

Neoclassicism 

The revival of the classics is termed as the Neoclassicism era. The movement drew  inspiration from what can be defined as “classical art” and culture of ancient Greece and Rome. This widespread and highly influential movement in visual arts began in the mid 1700s and was at its peak in the 1780s-’90s, lasting through the first half of the 19th century. 

The paintings from this time period are defined by straight lines and a very smooth painting surface, minimal usage of color and abundance of light for clear and crisp definitions of forms.

The works of Jacques-Louis David are usually hailed as the epitome of Neoclassical painting.

Impressionism

Impressionism was a radical art movement that began in the late 1800s. Parisian painters were associated and were the centre of this movement. Their rebellious attitude towards classical subject and matter was to promote and embrace the idea of modernity. They wanted to show the world as they saw it, bare and square. 

Impressionists emphasised the practise of ‘plein air paintings’ or painting outside in the open. These paintings are defined by loose brush work and lighter colors than the previous art movements. 

Initially derided by critics, Impressionism has since been embraced as one of the most popular and influential art styles in Western history.

Artists like Claude Monet, Edouard Manet and Henri Matisse pioneered during the Impressionist era.  

Post Impressionism

Juxtaposing between diverse styles and subjective perceptions of the world around them, Post impressionists brought forward a new, stylised approach painting at the fag end of the 19th century. Post impressionists did not indulge in a single minded approach at painting, rather wanted to have a diversified aesthetic approach. The thought of openly exploring the mindset of the artist was what brought together the painters from this era. 

The artwork is varied yet unified by the idea of the artists pouring out their feelings on the canvas / medium they were working on. Their work generally included symbolic motifs, unnatural color and deep, bold, unruly brush strokes. These post impressionist works are best seen from a distance, that’s when their beauty pops out. 

Vincent van Gogh, Paul Cezanne and Paul Gauguin were painters defining the Post Impressionist movement.